Irrigation means the indirect and abnormal use of soil water through various pipe and pump systems and spraying. Irrigation is usually carried out in areas where there is irregular rainfall or during drought or dry seasons. There are various types of irrigation systems in which water is uniformly supplied to the whole land. Purified or desalinated so irrigation is a vital practice for farmers to conserve their agricultural water resources and avoid contamination.
Types of irrigation systes:
Surface irrigation: The water is distributed by gravity across the ground and there are no mechanical pumps.
Local irrigation: Low-pressure water is distributed through a pipeline and applied to each plant.
Drip Irrigation: A type of topical irrigation in which the water drop is located at or near the root of the plant in this type of irrigation minimizes evaporation and runoff.
Rainwater Irrigation: Water flows through a central location in the field or from sprinklers to mobile platforms.
Center Axial Irrigation: Water is distributed by a sprinkler system that circulates in a circular pattern in a circular pattern. This system is common in flat areas of the United States.
Removable irrigation: Water through a series of pipes, each with a wheel and a set of manually distributed sprinklers. .
Subsurface Irrigation: Water throughout the Earth by raising water levels through a pumping system. Stations, channels, gates, pits are distributed.
Manual Irrigation: Water is distributed throughout the land by hand drip and discharge system, which is a very practical system.